Statistical Design in Online A/B Testing

A/B testing is the field of digital marketing with the highest potential to apply scientific principles, as each A/B experiment is a randomized controlled trial, very similar to ones done in physics, medicine, biology, genetics, etc. However, common ad…

Statistical Design in Online A/B Testing

A/B testing is the field of digital marketing with the highest potential to apply scientific principles, as each A/B experiment is a randomized controlled trial, very similar to ones done in physics, medicine, biology, genetics, etc. However, common advice and part of the practice in A/B testing are lagging by about half a century when compared to modern statistical approaches to experimentation.

There are major issues with the common statistical approaches discussed in most A/B testing literature and applied daily by many practitioners. The three major ones are:

  1. Misuse of statistical significance tests
  2. Lack of consideration for statistical power
  3. Significant inefficiency of statistical methods

In this article I discuss each of the three issues discussed above in some detail, and propose a solution inspired by clinical randomized controlled trials, which I call the AGILE statistical approach to A/B testing.

1. Misuse of Statistical Significance Tests

In most A/B testing content, when statistical tests are mentioned they inevitably discuss statistical significance in some fashion. However, in many of them a major constraint of classical statistical significance tests, e.g. the Student’s T-test, is simply not mentioned. That constraint is the fact that you must fix the number of users you will need to observe in advance.

Before going deeper into the issue, let’s briefly discuss what a statistical significance test actually is. In most A/B tests it amounts to an estimation of the probability of observing a result equal to or more extreme than the one we observed, due to the natural variance in the data that would happen even if there is no true positive lift.

Below is an illustration of the natural variance, where 10,000 random samples are generated from a Bernoulli distribution with a true conversion rate at 0.50%.

Natural Variance

In an A/B test we randomly split users in two or more arms of the experiment, thus eliminating confounding variables, which allows us to establish a causal relationship between observed effect and the changes we introduced in the tested variants. If after observing a number of users we register a conversion rate of 0.62% for the tested variant versus a 0.50% for the control, that means that we either observed a rare (5% probability) event, or there is in fact some positive difference (lift) between the variant and control.

In general, the less likely we are to observe a particular result, the more likely it is that what we are observing is due to a genuine effect, but applying this logic requires knowledge that is external to the statistical design so I won’t go into details about that.

The above statistical model comes with some assumptions, one of which is that you observe the data and act on it at a single point in time. For statistical significance to work as expected we must adhere to a strict application of the method where you declare you will test, say, 20,000 users per arm, or 40,000 in total, and then do a single evaluation of statistical significance. If you do it this way, there are no issues. Approaches like “wait till you have 100 conversions per arm” or “wait till you observe XX% confidence” are not statistically rigorous and will probably get you in trouble.

However, in practice, tests can take several weeks to complete, and multiple people look at the results weekly, if not daily. Naturally, when results look overly positive or overly negative they want to take quick action. If the tested variant is doing poorly, there is pressure to stop the test early to prevent losses and to redirect resources to more prospective variants. If the tested variant is doing great early on, there is pressure to suspend the test, call the winner and implement the change so the perceived lift can be converted to revenue quicker. I believe there is no A/B testing practitioner who will deny these realities.

These pressures lead to what is called data peeking or data-driven optional stopping. The classical significance test offers no error guarantees if it is misused in such a manner, resulting in illusory findings – both in terms of direction of result (false positives) and in the magnitude of the achieved lift. The reason is that peeking results in an additional dimension in the test sample space. Instead of estimating the probability of a single false detection of a winner with a single point in time, the test would actually need to estimate the probability of a single false detection at multiple points in time.

If the conversion rates were constant that would not be an issue. But since they vary without any interventions, the cumulative data varies as well, so adjustments to the classical test are required in order to calculate the error probability when multiple analyses are performed. Without those adjustments, the nominal or reported error rate will be inflated significantly compared to the actual error rate. To illustrate: peeking only 2 times results in more than twice the actual error vs the reported error. Peeking 5 times results in 3.2 times larger actual error vs the nominal one. Peeking 10 times results in 5 times larger actual error probability versus nominal error probability. This is known to statistical practitioners as early as 1969 and has been verified time and again.

If one fails to fix the sample size in advance or if one is performing multiple statistical significance tests as the data accrues, then we have a case of GIGO, or Garbage In, Garbage Out.

2. Lack of Consideration for Statistical Power

In a review of 7 influential books on A/B testing published between 2008 and 2014 we found only 1 book mentioning statistical power in a proper context, but even there the coverage was superficial. The remaining 6 books didn’t even mention the notion. From my observations, the situation is similar when it comes to most articles and blog posts on the topic.

But what is statistical power and why is it important for A/B experiments? Statistical power is defined as the probability to detect a true lift equal to or larger than a given minimum, with a specified statistical significance threshold. Hence the more powerful a test, the larger the probability that it will detect a true lift. I often use “test sensitivity” and “chance to detect effect” as synonyms, as I believe these terms are more accessible for non-statisticians while reflecting the true meaning of statistical power.

Running a test with inadequately low power means you won’t be giving your variant a real chance at proving itself, if it is in fact better. Thus, running an under-powered test means that you spend days, weeks and sometimes months planning and implementing a test, but then failing to have an adequate appraisal of its true potential, in effect wasting all the invested resources.

What’s worse, a false negative can be erroneously interpreted as a true negative, meaning you will think that a certain intervention doesn’t work while in fact it does, effectively barring further tests in a direction that would have yielded gains in conversion rate.

Power and Sample Size

Power and sample size are intimately tied: the larger the sample size, the more powerful (or sensitive) the test is, in general. Let’s say you want to run a proper statistical significance test, acting on the results only once the test is completed. To determine the sample size, you need to specify four things: historical baseline conversion rate (say 1%), statistical significance threshold, say 95%, power, say 90%, and the minimum effect size of interest.

Last time I checked, many of the free statistical calculators out there won’t even allow you to set the power and in fact silently operate at 50% power, or a coin toss, which is abysmally low for most applications. If you use a proper sample size calculator for the first time you will quickly discover that the required sample sizes are more prohibitive than you previously thought and hence you need to compromise either with the level of certainty, or with the minimum effect size of interest, or with the power of the test. Here are two you could start with, but you will find many more on R packages, GPower, etc:

Making decisions about the 3 parameters you control – certainty, power and minimum effect size of interest is not always easy. What makes it even harder is that you remain bound to that one look at the end of the test, so the choice of parameters is crucial to the inferences you will be able to make at the end. What if you chose too high a minimum effect, resulting in a quick test that was, however, unlikely to pick up on small improvements? Or too low an effect size, resulting in a test that dragged for a long time, when the actual effect was much larger and could have been detected much quicker? The correct choice of those parameters becomes crucial to the efficiency of the test.

3. Inefficiency of Classical Statistical Tests in A/B Testing Scenarios

Classical statistics inefficiency

Classical tests are good in some areas of science like physics and agriculture, but are replaced with a newer generation of testing methods in areas like medical science and bio-statistics. The reason is two-fold. On one hand, since the hypotheses in those areas are generally less well defined, the parameters are not so easily set and misconfigurations can easily lead to over or under-powered experiments. On the other hand – ethical and financial incentives push for interim monitoring of data and for early stopping of trials when results are significantly better or significantly worse than expected.

Sounds a lot like what we deal with in A/B testing, right? Imagine planning a test for 95% confidence threshold, 90% power to detect a 10% relative lift from a baseline of 2%. That would require 88,000 users per test variant. If, however, the actual lift is 15%, you could have ran the test with only 40,000 users per variant, or with just 45% of the initially planned users. In this case if you were monitoring the results you’d want to stop early for efficacy. However, the classical statistical test is compromised if you do that.

On the other hand, if the true lift is in fact -10%, that is whatever we did in the tested variant actually lowers conversion rate, a person looking at the results would want to stop the test way before reaching the 88,000 users it was planned for, in order to cut the losses and to maybe start working on the next test iteration.

What if the test looked like it would convert at -20% initially, prompting the end of the test, but that was just a hiccup early on and the tested variant was actually going to deliver a 10% lift long-term?

The AGILE Statistical Method for A/B Testing

AGILE Statistical Method for A/B Testing

Questions and issues like these prompted me to seek better statistical practices and led me to the medical testing field where I identified a subset of approaches that seem very relevant for A/B testing. That combination of statistical practices is what I call the AGILE statistical approach to A/B testing.

I’ve written an extensive white-paper on it called “Efficient A/B Testing in Conversion Rate Optimization: The AGILE Statistical Method”. In it I outline current issues in conversion rate optimization, describe the statistical foundations for the AGILE method and describe the design and execution of a test under AGILE as an easy step-by-step process. Finally, the whole framework is validated through simulations.

The AGILE statistical method addresses misuses of statistical significance testing by providing a way to perform interim analysis of the data while maintaining false positive errors controlled. It happens through the application of so-called error-spending functions which results in a lot of flexibility to examine data and make decisions without having to wait for the pre-determined end of the test.

Statistical power is fundamental to the design of an AGILE A/B test and so there is no way around it and it must be taken into proper consideration.

AGILE also offers very significant efficiency gains, ranging from an average of 20% to 80%, depending on the magnitude of the true lift when compared to the minimum effect of interest for which the test is planned. This speed improvement is an effect of the ability to perform interim analysis. It comes at a cost since some tests might end up requiring more users than the maximum that would be required in a classical fixed-sample test. Simulations results as described in my white paper show that such cases are rare. The added significant flexibility in performing analyses on accruing data and the average efficiency gains are well worth it.

Another significant improvement is the addition of a futility stopping rule, as it allows one to fail fast while having a statistical guarantee for false negatives. A futility stopping rule means you can abandon tests that have little chance of being winners without the need to wait for the end of the study. It also means that claims about the lack of efficacy of a given treatment can be made to a level of certainty, permitted by the test parameters.

Ultimately, I believe that with this approach the statistical methods can finally be aligned with the A/B testing practice and reality. Adopting it should contribute to a significant decrease in illusory results for those who were misusing statistical tests for one reason or another. The rest of you will appreciate the significant efficiency gains and the flexibility you can now enjoy without sacrifices in terms of error control.

image 
Natural Variance
Classical statistics inefficiency
AGILE Statistical Method for A/B Testing

Get Inspired – Blow Your Mind Website Examples!!

Looking for some design inspiration? Venturing into the world of UX design? Investigating new website trends? In our feature article, we’re going to help you get inspired with some blow your mind website examples. We picked these examples because they are dynamic, user-friendly, interactive websites, and they grab the website visitor and compel them to […]

Get Inspired - Blow Your Mind Website Examples!

Looking for some design inspiration? Venturing into the world of UX design? Investigating new website trends?

In our feature article, we’re going to help you get inspired with some blow your mind website examples.

We picked these examples because they are dynamic, user-friendly, interactive websites, and they grab the website visitor and compel them to dig deeper.

You’ll find that these blow your mind website examples take web design to a new level, fully engaging the website visitor on an often wild and unconventional path.

magic-in-new-york

Magic in New York

We lead off with Magic in New York, a fantastical Google experience that was made for the movie Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them.

Website visitors can explore a map filled with multiple locations in 1920s New York City. They explore as a wizard would such locations as a speakeasy and the Magical Congress of the United States.

With nearly 360 scenes with sound and motion-picture quality effects, this site truly stands out.

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fantastic beasts

Fantastic Beasts

We’d be remiss if we didn’t mention the main website for Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them.

While some sites with this amount of video and audio fall quite short in the speed category, this website thrills with incredible graphics, high-quality video and imagery, and there is virtually no waiting at all.

Not only is the website quick, but it’s very easy to navigate. It’s intriguing and provides a top-notch user experience. While writing this article, we had a hard time pulling ourselves away!

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Become a Kingsman Knight

Become a Kingsman Knight

While not a new website, we loved the enthralling content and the scenes pulled right from the movie.

Using the imagery and content, the website creators designed an interactive website that involves the visitor at every step and guides them on the path to becoming a Kingsman knight.

The site uses movie clips, action, sound and music in a sophisticated way that makes website visitors want to play their “game.”

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4 Rivers Smokehouse

4 Rivers Smokehouse

Hungry? If not, you sure will be when you visit this blow your mind website.

This site lands on our list for its outstanding photography and its creative use of typography.

We also like the parallax scrolling – this website is fun and easy to navigate.

The super-charged accordion menu for their menu options is dynamite. Easy to use, it allows the visitor to only look at the portion they are interested in.

This is one top of the line foodie site.

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Braastad

Braastad

Another interactive website that keeps visitors engaged is Braastad Cognac.

Huge images, a grid structure and plenty of video make an orderly presentation for visitors.

We love the classy typography, and the images styled to look old-fashioned are a bonus. Take a closer look, and you’ll notice a sparkly sheen to some of their photos and video.

The user experience on the Braastad website is terrific, gently guiding website visitors from one page to the next.

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Subaru Zero Landfill

Subaru Zero Landfill

If you’re ready to explore the mountains and Subaru’s environmental initiative, this site takes you along for a beautiful ride.

Gorgeous photography is complemented by simple typography – we’re sure this is so the words don’t take away from the incredible imagery.

Another interactive website, this one is also easy to navigate and lets website visitors find their path on their own.

After you spend some time on this site, the spectacular photography and videos will have you lining up to buy a Subaru even though there is no hard sell.

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void

Void

Wow. This site is mind blowing because we bet you’ve never seen anything like it. At both times eerie and fascinating, it’s an incredible walk through unparalleled creative advances.

Simply holding your space bar brings the cutting animation right towards you. Release it, and it backs off.

Featured imagery, animation and text is mostly in a black and white theme, but that in no way means the site is devoid of interest. Quite frankly, it’s one of the most interesting websites we’ve seen in a while.

Void makes the website visitor think while exploring and asking the question, “How did they do that?”

Worth noting though is that this site can only be viewed on Chrome or Safari.

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legwork studio

Legwork Studio

To complete our genius list of mind blowing website examples, we introduce you to Legwork Studio.

They bill themselves as a company building world class work off-the-grid, and once you take a look at the site, you’ll see why.

This company specializes in animation and interactivity. Don’t be fooled by the avant-garde look of their own website. Check out their portfolio, and you’ll be mesmerized by their work.

What we especially like about their website is their complete abandon of traditional website norms. With no photo in site, their graphics are visual, off beat and incredibly interesting.

The navigation is intuitive, and their graphics so compelling that you can’t help but click through the pages to see what they’ve come up with next.

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Final Thoughts

You’ve seen our top website examples in this feature article. Now, it’s your turn to incorporate a blow your mind website example.

Wondering about some specifics to keep in mind as you design your new website? Look no further:

  • A fast website – load times should be under three seconds, or you’ll lose customers. If you’re adding interactivity like we’ve seen here, be sure you consult an expert.
  • Give users the who, what, when, where and why – tell your story.
  • Use calls to action on as many pages as possible. You don’t want to risk losing your customers. Give them a reason to stick around and a task to complete.
  • Incorporate a strong site architecture including good onsite SEO and a sitemap.
  • Utilize an easy to use layout with intuitive navigation. Don’t use multiple layers of menus.
  • It’s vital that your site adapts to different browser sizes with ease, so mobile responsiveness is key. Your site should look equally good on desktop, laptop, tablet and mobile phone.
  • Make sure that the content you provide is relevant, interesting, shareable, original and compelling.
  • Ensure a simple, user friendly experience. Don’t make content hard to find.

Look for more blow your mind website examples next month!

Are you ready to squeeze more profit out of your website? That’s terrific! We’re here to help you optimize your website so it works fluidly for your website visitors. In fact, we promise you we’ll do just that.

With our guarantee, you can rest assured we will increase your profits through landing page optimization.

We can help you improve your content to increase the likelihood your customers will make a purchase. Contact us today.

We’ll provide you with our FREE site performance analysis so we can work on your landing page conversion rates.

Image: Jens Kreuter

Get Inspired – Blow Your Mind Website Examples for Today!

Are you in the market for a new website? Wondering what’s going on in the web design world? In our feature article, we’re going to help you get inspired with some blow your mind website examples. We picked these examples because not only are they attractive, interactive websites, but they are user-friendly and intuitive for […]

Get Inspired - Blow Your Mind Website Examples

Are you in the market for a new website? Wondering what’s going on in the web design world?

In our feature article, we’re going to help you get inspired with some blow your mind website examples.

We picked these examples because not only are they attractive, interactive websites, but they are user-friendly and intuitive for their customers.

america-first-credit-union

America First Credit Union

This not-for-profit, member-owned financial institution in Utah and Nevada won the Best Credit Union Website award from the 2016 Web Marketing Association’s WebAward competition.

Not only did they win because of their innovative design and content, but they were awarded for their site’s ease of use, interactivity, use of technology and understandable content.

Visit Website

pell-mell

Pell Mell Agency

Pell Mell might mean something in a state of confusion, or something that’s recklessly hasty or disorganized, but you won’t find any of that on this award-winning website.

This site lands on our list because of its fantastic photography and its interactivity.

Simple, yet effective, the Pell Mell Agency website works to get their message across and drive business.

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minimums

Minimums

This website’s goal is to highlight interesting people, and it does so in style with a bold and colorful design.

They utilize color and a grid-based web design to set off each person. Combined with big font sizes and quality images, the usability is terrific.

It’s easy to see where you’re going and where you came from due to the site’s organized grid and visual hierarchy.

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acme

Acme

A best in class winner from CSS Design Awards, Acme, combines beautiful photographs, interactivity and even music for a pleasurable browsing experience.

While sound is often frowned upon, Acme incorporates it into their site with class.

Bold typography and a movie-like feel make this site uber interesting even though their business is storage solutions for a wide variety of industries.

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killing-kennedy

Killing Kennedy

Another website using sound to its advantage, this website is a glorious preview of the movie.

With beautiful era-appropriate piano music, moving images and gorgeous photographs all with a 1950s vibe, users to this site really get a feel for the movie.

National Geographic stands out with this website due to its use of parallax scrolling, video and intriguing historical facts.

It’s easy to get lost in this website while experiencing the dual nature of Lee Harvey Oswald and John F. Kennedy’s lives.

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savetherainforest

Save the Rainforest

We added this site to our list for its personal touches, and its incredible design.

Save the Rainforest invites website visitors into the rainforest. It introduces people to the creatures worth saving and makes it easy to donate right on the page.

With the vivid photography and interactivity, visitors to this website get to experience the rainforest in a deeply personal, almost live-action way.

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bronx

Bronx Arts

Parents looking to send their children to school will love the vivid, inside look this website provides.

It hides nothing and welcomes users into the inner sanctum of their child-filled hallways.

Using vivid, large, high-quality images, along with bold typography and plenty of white space, it gives off a healthy, inviting vide for this school.

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divenamic

Divenamic

A simple, clean and modern design lands this site on our list.

It uses bright colors to bring the website visitor in while creating a desire to read more.

Often times, simple design and bright colors work nicely together for great design.

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alpahpod

AlphaPod

A dynamic site, AlphaPod is a teaser for the AlphaPod app for kids. It helps them learn their ABCs with cool animated animals. These aren’t your run of the mill animals, though.

They are mechanical animals that are as fun to look at as they are to interact with. Plus, they’re exciting for kids and even interesting for adults.

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house-hunter

The House Hunters Journey

This house hunting website definitely stands on its own when it comes to real estate websites.

Its premise is that house hunting starts in your mind, and you aren’t limited by your imagination.

An interactive website, it takes you through many different levels on your house hunting search. It’s a fun site to peruse.

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virgin

Virgin America

Travel websites are notoriously slow and hard to navigate. Not this one.

Virgin America is a top notch airline website. Not only is the entire site mobile-friendly, its usability is amazing.

Site visitors can book a flight with ease and see at a glance the prices of flights on different days of the week. If only all travel sites were this easy!

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wrangler

Wrangler Wild Way Home

This is a great eCommerce website. Simple and easy to use, the product and content pages are easy to navigate and full of just the right amount of information.

What’s more, when you click on their “Wild Way Home” tab, you’re taken to a page that invites you to explore your city and take the wild way home.

This website gives the website visitor a real reason to wear their clothing by inviting them into their “wild” city. People can see real people wearing real clothes while exploring their city and getting out more.

Visit Website

Final Thoughts

Now that we’ve tantalized you with some blow your mind website examples, you might be wondering how to set your website apart from the competition. Here’s a list to get you started!

  • Responsive design – this means your site adapts to different browser sizes with ease. Your site should look equally good on desktop, laptop, tablet and mobile phone.
  • Content – provide relevant, interesting, shareable, original and compelling content.
  • An easy to use layout with intuitive navigation. Don’t use multiple layers of menus.
  • A fast website – load times should be under three seconds, or you’ll lose customers.
  • Simple, user friendly experience. Don’t make content hard to find.
  • Calls to action on as many pages as possible. You don’t want to risk losing your customers.
  • Strong site architecture including good onsite SEO and a sitemap.

Look for more blow your mind website examples next month!

Are you ready to squeeze more profit out of your website? That’s terrific! We’re here to help you optimize your website so it works fluidly for your website visitors. In fact, we promise you we’ll do just that.

With our guarantee, you can rest assured we will increase your profits through landing page optimization.

If you’re ready to work with the leader in landing pages and conversion rate optimization, contact us today.

We’ll provide you with our FREE site performance analysis so we can work on your landing page conversion rates.

Image: Tran Mau Tri Tram

Google Data Studio – Be a Data Rock Star

Have you heard of Google Data Studio? If not, we’re going to tell you what it is and how you can be a data rock star just by using it. If you have heard of it, you’ll enjoy our advanced tips that break it down into something that is easy for your business to use. […]

Google Data Studio - Be a Data Rock StarHave you heard of Google Data Studio?

If not, we’re going to tell you what it is and how you can be a data rock star just by using it. If you have heard of it, you’ll enjoy our advanced tips that break it down into something that is easy for your business to use.

What is Google Data Studio?

What if we told you that Google Data Studio could turn all of your very confusing Google Analytics and other data into beautiful, informative reports?

What if we took it a step further and told you that these reports would be easy to read, easy to share and easy to customize?

In Google’s (beta) Data Studio, you can create up to five custom reports that are always updated.

You can even choose how you want to deliver your data – line graphs, charts, bar graphs and more. And, you can even add your own branding.

Just like Google Drive, the reports update in real time and can enhance how you share and view your analytics.

Since the reports are dynamic, they update when the data source is updated. Any new info or changes you add show up on your reports.

You’ll find enhanced reporting as all of your data is easily accessible and instantly updated for everyone with whom you choose to share the reports.

While analytics have long been a challenge for most digital marketers, with Google Data Studio, you can create reports that everyone can understand.

It’s Not Just for Google Analytics

One of the coolest things about Google Data Studio is that you can pull in data from virtually any source as long as that information is housed in a Google Sheet.

So, yes, that means you can import your Facebook data or insights from any other social media platform that is housed in a Google Sheet.

If the item is Google-owned, such as Google Analytics, it doesn’t have to be on a Google Sheet.

Google Data Studio Outline

Now, let’s break Google Data Studio down a bit. The Data Studio helps you do three things really well.

  1. It allows you to connect different data points in one spreadsheet so all of your analytics are available in one place. So, the first thing you have to do before preparing your analysis is to make sure you have gathered all of your data. While you can pull Google data in naturally, any other data sources must be compiled on your Google Sheets.
  2. Next, you can visualize your data by pulling it all together. Think of it like your very own dot-to-dot. You bring all the pieces into your Google Data Studio, and the program creates a beautiful report.
  3. Finally, you can share your reports so you can collaborate with people all across the globe. It’s just like Google Docs and Google Sheets. Your co-workers or your boss don’t ever have to wait for you to send them a report because it updates in real time.

Google Data Studio is Free

Right now, for all of you data gatherers, Google Data Studio is free. You will find some restrictions, though, if you aren’t paying for Google 360.

You can currently only have five reports per account, or email address, associated with Data Studio. You can of course always add another email.

But, like Google Sheets, there is another solution. You can add additional pages on each of your reports thus increasing the amount of data you can represent.

Data Source Options

We told you that you can bring data from a myriad of other systems into Google Data Studio.

What we haven’t touched on is an advanced feature. You can use data sources in three different levels:

  1. At the report level, you’ll find this is the highest level component in the chain. When you attach data sources to a report, you can use it across all of your pages. You’ll even find that you can have multiple sources attached to a report. You do have to choose one as the default.
  2. At the page level, you’ll find this is a component of your report. When you set a data source to a page, you make it the default to that page even if another data source is set as the default in the report level.
  3. At the chart level, you see a beautiful, usable graphic representation of the data within your page. This is the lowest level in the chain. You’ll enjoy the fact that you can set data sources to specific charts at this level.

How to Make a Usable Report

Now that we’ve looked at Google Data Studio and defined it, let’s look at some advanced tips for you reporting.

First, filter controls give users power. You’ll find your analysis is more effective when you have chosen the right filters.

Consistency is key so your reports make more sense.

Next, when looking at the design element of your Google Data Studio report, pay attention to your headers and page dividers.

Use these elements for organization and to maintain the consistency of your report. Be clear in your headers so content is easily find-able.

Mix it up when designing your report. For example, don’t make everything into a bar graph. Use pie charts, line charts and tables.

Finally, tap in to your inner designer and add some color to your report. Color can help define sections and headers. Don’t overdo it, though, as too much color is off-putting.

Remember that the purpose of your report is visual in nature. You want co-workers, clients and bosses to be able to see at a glance how your digital marketing is working.

With improved data reporting and increased visualization, you’ll find that Google Data Studio has the ability to make a whole new generation of marketers more comfortable with digital marketing reports.

Final Thoughts

So, how do you know if Google Data Studio is right for you?

If you want to present beautiful, easily readable spreadsheets, but you find them cumbersome and confusing to create, it’s the program for you.

Google Data Studio helps your data make sense and look good. In an easily understandable format, you can hold your business accountable and see if your digital marketing efforts are panning out.

Are you ready to squeeze more profit out of your website by analyzing your marketing metrics? That’s terrific! We’re here to help you optimize your website so it works fluidly for your website visitors. In fact, we promise you we’ll do just that.

With our guarantee, you can rest assured we will increase your profits through landing page optimization.

If you’re ready to work with the leader in landing pages and conversion rate optimization, contact us today.

We’ll provide you with our FREE site performance analysis so we can work on your landing page conversion rates.

Image: Sergio Alejandro Ortiz